To this end, it reawakened a portion of its inner desire to receive and formed a new vessel called Behina Gimel, or Tifferet. The light inside it is Ohr Hassadim with the luminescence of Ohr Hochma because the main part of this light is Ohr Hassadim, Ohr Hochma being less significant. Behina Dalet follows it because the vessel of Behina Gimel also wished to attract Ohr Hochma at the end of its development, but this time it wanted all of it, as it had been in Behina Alef.

It turns out that this awakened desire leads to a situation where Behina Dalet feels the passionate desire that Behina Aleph had. Moreover, now, after expelling the light once, the creation knows how bad it feels, so it desires this light much more than at the earlier stage of Behina Aleph.

Therefore, the emanation of the light and its subsequent expulsion create a vessel. If the vessel now receives the light again, it will precede the light. Therefore, the Behina Dalet is a final phase in the creation of the vessel called Malchut.

Why did the light itself become a reason for the Kli's wish to give? We observe a law in our nature: each branch longs to be like its root. That is why, as soon as the light of Hochma came, the Kli received it. However, when it felt that the light had come from the Giver, it wished to be like the Source and not to receive. It means that two actions come out of Keter:

a) the desire to bestow pleasure upon the creation, which created the "desire to receive", and it is Behina Aleph.

b) the desire to bestow acts in the creation, because the latter feels that the light it receives comes from the desire of the superior giver, and thusalso wants to give.

We can see an example of this in the material world. One person gives another a present, and the latter receives it. Then he begins to think and understands: "He is a giver and I am a receiver! I should not take it!" That is why he returns the gift. At the beginning when he received the present, he was under the giver's influence and did not feel he was a receiver. However, after the reception he began to feel that he is a receiver, which made him decline the present.

It is necessary to point out that this person has a "desire to receive", because he did receive the present at the beginning. But he did not ask for it! Hence, it is not called a Kli. The Kli is a state in which one feels that there is pleasure, begs, and pleads to the giver to give it to him.

Why is Bina's Aviut bigger than that of Hochma, i.e., why does it have a bigger "desire to receive", but wishes only to give? Hochma is the vessel that does not yet feel that it receives; the giver controls it completely. Nevertheless, Bina already feels itself as a receiver; therefore, its Aviut is bigger.

There are two kinds of light:

a) The light of the Purpose of the creation called "Ohr Hochma"

comes from the Creator (the "desire to bestow" upon the creation); it is Behina Aleph.

b) The light of the Correction of the creation called "Ohr Hassad-

im", which spreads thanks to the creation; it is termed Behina Bet.

How can one say that Ohr Hassadim spreads thanks to the creation? Is not the Creator the source of the light and pleasure? It is because the Creator's pleasure comes to the creation owing to its merging with the Source of pleasure.

The beginning of the Creation happens as follows:

The light comes out of the Creator, the Ohr - pleasure. This emanation of the light from the Creator is called the zero phase (0), or the root (Shoresh).

The light creates the Kli, which is able to feel, absorb all pleasure contained in the light. Let us assume that the Creator wanted to give the creation 1kg of pleasure. In that case, He should have created the "desire to receive" that pleasure (Kli) with the capacity of 1kg, which could absorb the entire delight.

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