1. One has only to think of the unfortunate development which occurred to a name like Astarte (Ishtar) in the course of centuries—an erstwhile Chaldean Moon Goddess developed in the Middle Ages via the addition of the plural ending "oth" into a male(!) demon with the name Astaroth. Today's evocatory magicians might be in for quite a surprise or two, if, for example, a supposedly male demon like Kedemel from the Ve-nusian sphere suddenly appears before them as a female entity! {Quite obvious, actually, but who would have thought of it beforehand?)

2. Ray Sherwin, writing as a former member of the IOT on a similar connection in his excellent Theatre of Magic (Leeds: The Sorcerer's Apprentice Press), introduces the term "Liminal Gnosis."

3. Compare the section "The Physiological Gnosis" and the subsequent explanations in Liber Null (York Beach, ME: Samuel Weiser, Inc., 1987), p. 33ff.

4. Kenneth Grant, Images and Oracles of Austin Osman Spare (York Beach, ME: Samuel Weiser, Inc., 1975).

5. Incidentally, this difficulty can even be used constructively should you encounter problems with visualizing or imagining objects or persons. For example,

if you don't succeed in seeing a giraffe with closed eyes, try very intensely not to see one. Sometimes the spell is immediately broken by this simple trick.

6. Ray Sherwin, The Book of Results (Leeds: The Sorcerer's Apprentice Press), p. 34.

7.1 should perhaps briefly point out that virgin parchment is not, as many people still seem wont to believe, tanned from the hymens of desperately destitute virgins! Instead, the skin of unborn calves is used for its manufacture. Since it is financially unprofitable to slaughter the mother cow or to induce an artificial abortion for obtaining it, only animals which have died in an accident, had to be put to sleep, or died a natural death can be exploited. This is why the most time-honored commodity of all Western magic is so rare. It is, therefore, very difficult to procure, especially since veterinary regulations in most countries pose an additional obstacle for its production. Its chief commercial source of supply is the London parchment exchange. In extremely paper-thin form it is also utilized as "goldbeater's skin."

8. Kenneth Grant, images and Oracles of Austin Osman Spare, p. 59ff.

9. Marcus M. Jungkurth, Zos Kia (Berlin: Stein der Weisen, 1983), pp. 256-264.

10. Cf. Sujja SuVNo-ta "Die Sprache des Unbewußten, Anleitung zur Erarbeitung einer individuellen Ritual spräche" in Unicom, HI/82, pp. 137-141.

11. For example, refer to Sujja Su'a'No-ta's Element-Magie {Bad Honnef: Edition Magus, 1983), pp. 51-56.

12. Cf. my article "Mythen in Tüten. Vom magischen Umgang mit Analogien" in Unicom, XI/84, pp. 221-229.

13. Ray Sherwin, The Book of Results (Leeds: The Sorcerer's Apprentice Press), p. 32ff.

14. See Timothy D'Arch Smith's introduction to Francis Barrett's The Magus (Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press, 1977), pp. vi-vii. His explanation is a bit tricky. The magician places the figures of a magical camea in their numerical order (always from left to right, starting in the bottom row) in a camea. After this, he traces the numbers following their numerical order on the original camea. The result of the example given in his introduction, the Saturn glyph, is quite convincing. But in the case of Jupiter and Mars, you need a good deal of imagination to recognize the proper glyph as given in the relevant classics in the resulting scribble. D'Arch Smith does point out, however, that some aesthetic corrections may have been made to obtain more or less symmetrical figures. Thus, his thesis is enlightening and witty and cannot be discarded completely, although a convincing presentation of the construction of all glyphs following this model might have provided more clarity to his procedures.

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Fundamentals of Magick

Fundamentals of Magick

Magick is the art and practice of moving natural energies to effect needed or wanted change. Magick is natural, there is absolutely nothing supernatural about it. What is taught here are various techniques of magick for beginners. Magick is natural and simple and the techniques to develop abilities should be simple and natural as well. What is taught on this site is not only the basics of magick, but the basics of many things.

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