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FIG. 86. LUTECIUM FUNNEL

atomic no. 71. LUTECIUM

Central globe. In this element occurs the remarkable central globe containing 819 Anu which is found in Radium and other elements. As Lutecium is the element of lowest atomic weight in which this globe occurs it has been identified as Lu819. The globe is formed of a grand centre of 27 Anu surrounded by 24 segments of the Ba33 form, making up the 819 Anu. Fig. 85.

Funnels. Lutecium has six similar funnels. At the bottom of the funnel we find first N63, then N110, and then a group Lu53. Next comes Ca70 and then another new group Lu36 instead of the usual Yt44, and finally the familiar Nb60. Fig. 86.

Lutecium = Lu819+6 [N63+N110+Lu53+Ca70+Lu36+Nb60] Central globe. = 819 Anu

6 funnels of 392 Anu = 2352

Total = 3171 Anu

Number weight = 176.17

TANTALUM

FIG. 87. TANTALUM FUNNEL

atomic no 73

TANTALUM

Central globe. The central globe is identical with that of Lutecium, Lu819.

Funnels. Again we find six similar funnels opening on the faces of a cube. Fig. 87. At the bottom of the funnel we find first the N63 group, then N110. Next comes a group peculiar to Tantalum, Ta63; after that we find one of the all pervading Calcium type, Ca70. and then Yt44, and finally Nb60.

Tantalum ^ Lu819+6 [N63+N110+Ta63 + Ca70+ Yt44 + Nb60]

Central globe 6 funnels of 410 Anu

819 Anu 2460

Total 3279 Anu

FIG. 8a TANTALUM AND ACTINIUM CENTRE—Lu819

atomic no. 89 ACTINIUM

This element shows relations with more than one of the preceding elements both of its own and other groups. It has two types of funnels, and adds eight spikes, directed to the corners of the cube.

Actinium is a true element and not the temporary product of a heavier element. It is itself radioactive.

Central globe. The globe is identical with that of Tantalum, Lu819. Fig. 88.

Funnels:

Type A. These funnels are very similar to those of Lanthanum. They contain the whole of the Lanthanum A type funnel, with the addition of two Ca45 groups. Fig. 89.

Type B. For these three funnels Actinium has borrowed from Antimony and Zirconium. They contain the large ovoid from the arm of Zirconium, Zr212, which we shall describe later when we come to discuss that element. In addition to the Zr212, the funnel contains two groups from Antimony, Sbl28. and Sbll3 plus three extra Anu making up Acll6. Fig. 90.

Sprbes. There are eight spikes, each consisting of Li63.

Actinium = Lu819+3 [N63+N110+Mo46+Cal60+Yt44+Nb60] +3(Zr212+Sbl28+Acll6] +8Li63

Central globe = 819 Anu

3 funnels A of 483 Anu = 1449

3 funnels B of 456 Anu = 1368

8 spikes of 63 Anu = 504

Total = 4140 Anu

Number weight = 230.0

ACTINIUM A

ACTINIUM, FUNNEL A AND SPIKE

ACTINIUM

funnel b

ato lie no. 9i. PRQTO-ACTTNIUM

This element is very similar to Actinium. It contains two types of funnels and eight spikes.

Central globe. The globe is the familiar Lu819. Fig. 91. Funnels:

Type A. These three funnels are exactly like the A type funnels in Actinium and contain 483 Anu. Fig. 92.

Type B. These three funnels contain the whole of the Actinium B funnels, Ac456, with the addition of a new group Pa29. Pa29 contains four Ad6 and a B5, the Ad6 being in a ring as shown. Fig. 93.

Spikes. The eight spikes are the Li63 groups as in Actinium.

Proto-Actinium = Lu819+3[N63+N110+Mo46+Cal60+Yt44+Nb60]

+ 3[Zr212+Sbl28+Acll6+Pa29] + 8Li63

Central globe = 819 Anu

3 funnels A of 483 Anu = 1449 3 funnels B of 485 Anu = 1455 8 spikes of 63 Anu = 504

Total = 4227 Anu

4227

Number weight -jg- = 233.72

FIG. 91. CENTRE OF PROTO-ACTINIUM, Lu819

91 PROTO-ACTINIUM

SPIKE

FIG. 92.

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FUNNEL A AND SPIKE

91 PROTO-ACTINIUM B

FIG. 93. PROTO-ACTINIUM. FUNNEL

DISINTEGRATION OF CUBE GROUP A DISINTEGRATION OF NITROGEN

The constituents of Nitrogen are used constantly in this and other groups.

Nitrogen consists of six bodies, N110, N63. two N24 and two N20, each of these being complex. Fig. 94.

N110. The "balloon," N110, changes to ;i sphere, and holds together on the E4 level; on the E3 it yields six globes each containing seven duads. and these are all set free as duads on the E2 level. The ovoid is also set free on the E3 level, becoming a sphere ; and on the E2 level it liberates its contained bodies, as two triplets, two quartets and two sextets which immediately become triplets.

N63. This body is liberated on the E4 level. On the E3 level it sets free seven bodies of 9 Anu and these become twenty-one triplets on the E2 level.

N24. The two N24 spheres are liberated on the E4 level. On the E3 level each assumes a tetrahedral form with six Anu at each point. On the E2 level each gives four sextets.

N20. On the E4 level each N20 is found as a tetrahedral arrangement of pairs of duads at the angles of a square-based pyramid.

On the E3 we find a similar arrangement though the distribution of the forces is changed. On the E2 level the groups separate into 10 duads from each N20.

FIG. 95. DISINTEGRATION OF BORON, SCANDIUM, VANADIUM, YTTRIUM

DISINTEGRATION OF BORON

The Central globe, with its four quintets, is set free and breaks at once into two groups of ten Anu. Fig. 95.

On the E3 level four quintets are formed which, on the E2 level, are resolved into triplets and duads.

The funnels. The six funnels are first set free on the E4 level, where they assume the spherical form, showing a central Ad6 and four globes each containing two triplets.

On the E3 level the Ad6 behaves as usual and the triplets separate. On the E2 level the Ad6 gives triplets and the other triplets give duads and units.

DISINTEGRATION OF SCANDIUM

The Central globe shows a cross at its centre, with the four quintets whirling round it, on the E4 level. On the E3 level the quintets are set free and follow the Boron type, while the cross becomes a quartet. On the E2 level each quintet gives a triplet and a duad and the quartet two duads. Fig. 95.

Funnels A. In funnels A the Ad6 and the ovoids behave as in Boron, but the NUO escapes from the funnel as it changes to a sphere and holds together on the E4 level. The N110 disintegrates as shown under Nitrogen and the rest of the funnel as in Boron.

Funnels B. The N63 escapes when the funnel becomes a sphere on the E4 level. The remaining sphere contains the two N24 and the quintet B5. On the E3 and E2 levels these groups behave as in Nitrogen and Boron.

DISINTEGRATION OF VANADIUM

The Central globe follows the pattern of the globe of Boron. Fig. 95. The centre sphere 1.7 is shown in Iodine.

The A funnels of Vanadium repeat the A funnels of Scandium with the addition of N20. All these disintegrate as shown under Nitrogen or Boron.

The B funnels also repeat the B funnels of Scandium with the addition of a N20 group and the substitution of a sextet, N6, for a quintet. These also disintegrate as shown under previous elements.

DISINTEGRATION OF YTTRIUM

The Central globe breaks up into two groups which disintegrate as shown in

Funnels. On the E4 level the six funnels are first liberated and then the N110 and N63 escape and behave as shown in Nitrogen. The ovoids. 2H3, and the cigars. Ad6, are set free on the E3 level and behave as in Boron Fig. 95.

Yt8 is a tetrahedral arrangement of duads on the E3 level and these are set free as duads on the E2 leveL The N20 behaves as shown under Nitrogen.

Fig. 96 shows the Cube Group A in a condensed form, from which the relationships in the group may be studied.

nitrogen

SCANDIUM /r

VANADIUM f G

YTTRIUM

NIOBIUM

LANTHANUM

N« HO »7 praeseodymium

LUTECIUM

TANTALUM

ACTINIUM

proto-actinium"'"'

SCANDIUM /r

VANADIUM f G

YTTRIUM

NIOBIUM

LANTHANUM

N« HO »7 praeseodymium

LUTECIUM

TANTALUM

ACTINIUM

FIG. 96. CUBE GROUP A

FIG. 96. CUBE GROUP A

CHAPTER VIII

THE CUBE GROUP B

THE members of this group are all cubes. They occur on the right hand swing of the pendulum. Their characteristic valence is three but they often show higher valencies. They all have six funnels, as in Cube Group A. but they show quite a different design in the arrangement of the Anu.

ATOMIC anu ELEMENT CENTRE

13 486 Aluminium —

15 558 Phosphorus

33 1,350 Arsenic

64 2,880 Gadolinium Nel20

66 2,979 Dysprosium Nel20

81 3,678 Thallium

83 3,753 Bismuth

T1.687

T1.687

6 [ (B5+3N6+ 3P9) + (Li4+3Be4+3P9)] 6 [ (Ga7+3Gal5+3Ga20) + (B5+3Gal3

+3Gal8) ] 6 [A1.91 + 8(2N9+A1.9) ] 3 [2 (Inl6 + 3Gal5+3Ga20) + (Inl4+

3Gal3+3Gal8) ] 3 [2Sbl28+Sbll3] 3 [Sbl28+2Sbll3] 3 [2Sbl28+ Sbll3+ (Ca45+2N24) J 3 [Sbl28+2Sbll3+ (Ca45+Moll + 2N24) ]

ALUMINIUM

PHOSPHORUS

atomic no. 13. ALUMINIUM

As the head of the group this element is, as usual, simple. There is no central globe. Fig. 98.

Funnels. The six funnels each contain eight similar ovoids. A1.9, of three spheres of three Anu. Below these is an ovoid A1.9', again of three spheres, these being two duads and a pentad.

6 funnels of 81 Anu - 486 Anu

atomic no. 15 PHOSPHORUS

Like Aluminium, Phosphorus has no central globe. Fig. 98. Funnels. Each of the six funnels contains two segments.

Segment A contains at the bottom a group B5. then three N6, and then three spheres, P9, of nine Anu, making 50 Anu in all. Segment B also contains seven spheres, first a tetrad Li4, with its Anu at the corners of a tetrahedron, then three spheres of four Anu, Be4, and then the three spheres, P9, of nine Anu found in segment A. Segment B contains 43 Anu.

Phosphorus = 6 [ (B5+3N6+3P9) + (Li4+3Be4+3P9)] 6 funnels of 93 Anu = 558 Anu

Total = 558 Anu

Number weight = 31.00

GALLIUM

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