We now arrive at the point when we must consider that all-important key symbol, the All-Seeing Eye. Mr. Totten traced the history of the Eye in the triangle back to ancient Chaldea and its appearance as the Solar Eye, the Eye of Jove or Jupiter, of Phoebus or Apollo, the Eye of Baal, and as the Eye of Providence. The Eye of Jove appeared on the front of Jove's temple at Peloponnessus. As the Solar Eye it was the symbol of the Arabian god of. Jethro, the black father-in-law of Moses, and of the Arabic motto, "Allah," or "I am that I am." All ancient temples of Arabia were decorated with the Eye, which had first appeared as the symbol of Osiris, Isis and Horus of Egypt.42
The Eye represented the mystic symbol of the so-called Egyptian "trinity," expressed in these words, often inscribed on the statues of Isis: "I am all that has been, that is, or shall be, and none among mortals has hitherto taken off my veil." She was the daughter of Saturn and her name meant ancient. She married her brother Osiris, and was pregnant by him even before she had left her mother's womb, according to Plutarch's account. She and her brother-husband comprehended all nature and all the gods of the heathens. She was the Venus of Cyprus, the Minerva of Athens, the Cybele of the Phrygians, the Ceres of Eleusis, the Proserpine of Sicily, the Diana of Crete, the Bellona of the Romans, &c. And she was the Moon and Osiris the Sun.43 Osiris received the same adoration as Anubis, Bacchus, Dionysius, Jupiter and Pan. In other words, debauched revelries or saturnalias (from Saturn, his father) were held in his honor. "He visited the greater part of the kingdoms of Asia and Europe, where he enlightened the minds of man by introducing among them the worship of the gods, and a reverence for the wisdom of a supreme being."44
Totten, tracing the symbolism of the Eye, affirmed that "the word Jehovah, of the Solar circle of Arabia, superseded the Egyptian motto in the radiant triangle, and as the Word soon became too sacred to be spoken or ever written, it was generally symbolized by the All-Seeing Eye of Him whose name it was."45 He described the "cap of purest crystal" once atop the pyramid of Gizeh (the floating triangle on the reverse Seal) as the "priceless gem of Egypt"—"the terrible crystal." (Job xxxviii, 4-7.) He believed that "when at last it shall actually crown the Pyramid of human institutions, then indeed shall all men dwell beneath the shadow of "The Rock'."46 (Deut. xxxii, 4; Psalms xci, 1: Isa. xxvi, 4 and xxxii, 2.) Totlen insisted that the symbolism had a Scriptural basis. His "cap" on the pyramid is the Biblical cornerstone; his "Rock" is Jehovah in the Old Testament. Yet his own research and documentation on the meaning of the Seal proved the contrary. He was always the optimist, even when he wrote that he could not "but feel... the certainty that a Hidden Hand blazoned the heraldry of this Great People."47
George Rawlinsons massive three-volume history of The Seven Great Monarchies o/ the Ancient Eastern World48 provides us with vital and pertinent data concerning the symbols with which we are dealing. The Babylonians of the 7th Century B.C. attached to each god in their pantheon "a special mystic number, which is used as his emblem and may even stand for his name in an inscription." Further, each god had an emblematic sign. "Thus a circle, plain or crossed, designates the Sun-god, San or Shamas; a six-rayed or eight-rayed star the Sun-goddess, Gula or Anunit." The altar was represented by an emblem surmounted by a triangle.49 The use of the simple circle and the quartered disk as a divine symbol of the sun traced back from the Babylonians to the Chaldeans of the 23rd Century B.C. The gods were the same, San and Gula; the symbols were the same.50 The two monarchies placed their gods in triads, headed by one god, Ra, "a sort of fount and origin of deity." San was the second member of the second triad, accompanied by his wife.51 The first triad consisted of Ana (Pluto), the "Lord of darkness or death;" Belus (Jupiter), the son of the Egyptian Osiris and the god whose temple was the original of the tower of Babel;52 and Hoa (Neptune), strongly connected "with the serpent of Scripture and ... the tree of life." Hoa's wife was the mother of Belus.53 The Cabalists lifted their entire Sephirotic tree of life representing Jehovah from the triads of the Chaldean-Babylonian pantheon (see Sephirolh, Part 1).
The Egyptian pantheon was even more ancient, dating from the 27th to the 30th Centuries B.C. or even earlier, according to some sources. The Sun-gods of Egypt were nine in number. The chief among them was Osiris, whose worship was universal. He was "the great deity of Amenti or Hades [Hell]." Rawlinson described Osiris' role as the Judge of the Dead: "It was the universal belief that, immediately after death, the soul descended into the lower world and was conducted to the Hall of Truth, where it was judged in the presence of Osiris and the forty-two demons, the 'Lords of Truth' and judges of the dead."54 (One of the divine names of the Tetragrammaton consisted of 42 letters.) Osiris was called "the master of the gods." The name of Osiris was expressed, most simply, by two hieroglyphs, one of which was the human eye (the left eye, as used on the reverse side of the Great Seal). "Sometimes, however, the human eye is replaced by a simple circle." Osiris was most commonly represented "in a mummied form, to mark his presidency over the dead.. .. When represented as a man walking, he has the lappeted wig, crowned with two wavy horns, above which are ... two feathers. The wavy horns are also found with the plumed crown above them, and serpents (uraei) on either side, surmounted by disks. . . . Isis, at one time his mother, at another his sister, at another his daughter, is always his wife, and their child is Har or Horus."55
The 42 demons who aided Osiris in the infernal regions were known as "the assessors" and had such names as "eyes of flame," "breath of flame,"
"cracker of bones, devourer of shades," "eater of hearts," "swallower,"
"white tooth," and "smoking face." They "lived by catching the wicked," "fed off their blood," and "devoured their hearts before Horus." They were judges, accusers and punishers of crime. "Guilty souls were handed over to them by Osiris, but to be 'tortured' only, not destroyed."56
During Osiris' great expedition beyond the borders of Egypt "he left his kingdom to the care of his wife Isis, and her faithful minister Hermes or Mercury" who was Anubis (brother to Osiris), represented with a caduceus. When Osiris returned he found that his brother Set (Typhon) had aroused his subjects against him. (Set's name was expressed by a hieroglyphic containing the black half-sphere seen in the meditation room murai.) Set murdered his brother and cut his body into fourteen pieces. Isis recovered all the mangled pieces, with the exception of the privities of her husband, which had been thrown into the sea. Horus defeated Set and Osiris was proclaimed to he a resurrected god. His body, encased in fourteen different statues, was worshipped with divine honors. That part of the body not recovered was rendered homage during festivals called Phallica, which were introduced into Europe by the Athenians. The entire system of phallic worship in the ancient world originated in this festival held in honor of Osiris.57
The number fourteen has a special occult meaning in the symbolism of modern-day secret societies as the "14. days of burial (lunar darkness)." Plutarch, in his treatise On Isis and Osiris, explained the symbolism: "The body of Osiris was cut into fourteen pieces; that is, into as many parts as there are days between the full moon and the new."58 Now, if the picture of the reverse side of the Great Seal is examined, it will be found that fourteen rays of light issue from the triangle containing the Eye of Osiris. This combination of symbols simply cannot be attributed to a chance arrangement.
Only one writer — an occultist — has realized the startling fact that the number of stones in the pyramid totals 72, the 72 arrangements of the Tetra-grammaton, the cabalistic name of Jehovah.59 The stones are counted as follows (from the top 13th level down to the base): 3; 4; 4(3 plus 2 1/2's); 4;
5; 5(4 plus 2 1/2's); 5; 6; 6(5 plus 2 1/2's); 7(6 plus 2 1/2's); 7; 8; 8(7 plus
2 1/2's). Total: 72. The meaning of the Tetragrammaton was explained at length in Part I.
The pagan origin of the two mottos on the reverse seal has already been attested to. The entire quotation cited earlier containing the phrase Novus Ordo Seclorum provides the ciue as to the nature of the "New Order of the
Ages" referred to. I( is a "golden" age during which the "Saturnian" kingdom shall return. Saturn was the father of Osiris. The other motto, Annuit Coeptis, "Favor my daring undertaking." was not a supplication to God; in conjunction with the other motto it can only refer to Saturn or Osiris. The reign of Saturn was called "the golden age" even though he received human sacrifices and devoured his own children. He was symbolized by the serpent biting its own tail.60
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