Anaxagoras 500428 BCE

Anaxagoras was a Greek philosopher of Clazomenae in Asia Minor, born about 500 BCE. Aristotle describes him to have been older than Empedocles, but to come 'after him in his works'. It is not clear whether this means that he wrote later than Empedocles or that he was inferior to him in his achievements. From a noble family, but wishing to devote himself entirely to science, he gave up his property to his relatives, and removed to Athens, where he lived in intimacy with Pericles. Shortly before...

Applied Ethics

Applied ethics is the branch of ethics which consists of the analysis of specific, controversial moral issues such as abortion, animal rights, and euthanasia. In recent years applied ethical issues have been subdivided into convenient groups such as medical ethics, business ethics, environmental ethics, sexual ethics, and social ethics. Generally speaking, two features are necessary for an issue to be considered an applied ethical issue. First, the issue needs to be controversial in the sense...

Anaximenes d 502 BCE

Anaximenes was a Greek philosopher of Miletus, a younger contemporary and pupil of Anaximander, who died about 502. He was not a great original genius like Anaximander, and in some respects his cosmology falls far short of his predecessor's. His title to remembrance is based on his discovery of the formula which for the first time made the Milesian theory coherent of rarefaction and condensation. He regarded 'air' -- the air we breathe, but also that which thickens into mist and water -- as the...