Stupor

Think we can fairly conclude from the research on hypnosis done so far that trance' may in fact have useful meaning for describing the subjective xperience of subjects in hypnotic situations, but is not explained, or even described, by any one simple theory yet proposed, either neurological or psychological. All of the current theories seem to leave aspects unexplained. Clearly, selective cerebral inhibition and activation of some kind is involved ruly is distinct in some way, as subjective...

Posthypnotic suggestion and amnesia

Amnesia (basically selective forgetting in this case) sometimes occurs spontaneously in hypnosis, and sometimes happens as the result of a direct or ndirect suggestion to forget something. The amnesia effect may last a variable time, possibly months or longer, depending on the psychological ignificance of the amnesia and the forgotten material and on the intensity of ttempts to recall and availability of recall cues in the environment. A posthypnotic suggestion in general is a response to...

By Todd I Stark

Awareness, the unconscious and repression An experimental psychologist's perspective. In J.L. Singer (Ed.), Repression and Dissociation Implications for personality, theory, psychopathology, and health. (Pp, 209-222). Chicago University of Chicago Press. Bremner, J.D. et al. (1995). MRI-Based Measurement of Hippocampal Volume in Patients with Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 152. No. 7, July, 1995. P. 973-98. Capafons, Antonio...

Immune Response

t has long been supposed (and in recent years demonstrated experimentally) hat emotions and psychological state somehow have an effect on human mmune response, but even though detailed mechanisms and the limits of this ffect have not been well understood in modern medical science. A recent article in Science News, Sept. 4,1993, pp. 153, describes 'the first solid vidence that hypnosis can modify the immune system far more than relaxation alone. The report concerns the research of Patricia...

Three stages of building a new identity

Personality change was modeled by Kurt Lewin as a three stage process unfreezing the current worldview, changing the worldview, and refreezing the new worldview (Schein, 1961). The first stage involves reducing our alertness and forcing on us various kinds of sensory or information overload, confusion, or distraction. This builds a tremendous psychological and physiological tension that needs to be eleased. This is roughly analogous to the first step in a stage hypnosis nduction, creating...

What is Hypnosis Icredits by Todd I Stark

Hypnosis refers to just about any situation where we respond to verbal suggestions in a particular special way. This involves a mentally very flexible condition where our imagination and fantasy are more free and more vivid. A series of instructions, called an induction, is the most common way to do this. Just about any situation where we relax and allow ourselves to become bsorbed in something can lead to the appropriate conditions for hypnosis. These conditions also sometimes occur without...

Psychic phenomena under hypnosis

There are a number of links between the sorts of situations commonly ssociated with hypnosis, and the experience of what are often called 'psychic phenomena,' (herein primarily meaning apparent extrasensory perceptions, nd psychokinesis, but also such related experiences as apparitions mediumistic phenomena, and such strange occurrances as the apparent uspension of death). psychology, and modern parapsychology, and the study of 'psychic phenomena' in general. The reason for quoting that term...

Evidence of enhanced functioning following suggestion

Some of the 'unusual capacities' often claimed of hypnosis are actually egitimate, but found to be quite normal capacities seen in various non-hypnotic situations as well, though the hypnotic 'deep trance' context does apparently give a unique kind of access to those normal capacities. Seemingly T.X. Barber, a highly respected researcher into human functioning under hypnosis has long promoted the view that people can bring out their own nner capabilities by direct requests to think, feel, and...

Trance Reflex and the appearance of stupor

So the question remains, if trance is not sleep or stupor, then why do hypnotized subjects commonly appear so passive The consensus on this subject, from studies of 'waking hypnosis,' ('trance' in which the subject acts normally and does not show any evidence of the lassical relaxed deep trance state), and from many years of clinical observations, is that the apparent lethargy and catalepsy are more a result of uggestions used to deepen hypnosis than a neccessary correlate of uggestibility or...

The potential role of hypnosis in dramatic personality change in an isolated group

N order to help understand the complex relationship between hypnosis and potential mind control, I have included this section as a composite of various views of how dramatic personality change occurs from psychological orces. It should be noted that the principles of personality change are basically the same, whether we are talking about forced indoctrination brainwashing) or psychotherapy. The attitude and ethics of the people attempting the change are the primary difference. The primary...

Index of bibliography sections

Selected Periodicals 14 entries 2. Edited Overviews of General Theories of Hypnosis 5 entries 3. Specific Topics Related to Research into Hypnosis. 1. General single-author overviews, non-special-state views, social andexperimental views 10 entries 2. On state-specific theories, dissociation, and multiple personality 22entries 3. The Communications Perspective Milton Erickson, Neurolinguistic Programming, etc 6 entries 4. Hypnosis, volition, mind control, abuse of hypnosis. Also legal...

Hypermnesia perceptual distortions hallucinations

Hypermnesia is perceived enhanced recall of memories. See also the later ection on the reliability of hypnotic recall. An excellent overview of experimental and clinical studies of hypermnesia, perceptual distortions, and hallucinations under hypnosis may be found in the hypnosis section of the Annual Review of Psychology, especially these issues spanning 20 years of research into hypnotic phenomena Vol 16, 1965, E. Hilgard, p. 157-180 Vol 26, 1975, E. Hilgard, p. 19-44 Vol 36, 1985, J.R....

Voluntary vs Involuntary

Who or what is in control when a hypnotist gives a suggestion, and their ubject apparently responds, but reports that they had no awareness of responding Is it the same mechanism in some ways as that in control during biofeedback experiments when the subject has no direct awareness of altering markers of their physiological functions Or is it closer to the mechanism that permits the well known 'automatisms' or behaviors performed by habitoutside our awareness Or are these all aspects of the the...

Is the hypnotist in control of me

The exact nature of what we experience as 'will' or volition is anage-old philosophical problem that has yet to be resolved by brain scientistsor psychologists. Some aspects of hypnotic responding point out weaknesses in our understanding of the nature of volition, such as its exact relationship to onsciousawareness the capacity and limitations of external stimulii such as'suggestion' to influence our sensory experience and behavior and hedetails of the patterns by which specific...

Pain control analgesia and anesthesia

Hypnosis was at one time frequently and sucessfully used for surgical nesthesia. It is still sometimes used effectively for dental work, childbirth, and chronic pain of various types. Pain control is one of the most reliable and most studied of the hypnotic phenomena. n addition to Hilgard's article in Vol 26 of Annual Reviews 1975 see Hilgard, Hilgard, Macdonald, Morgan, and Johnson, 1978, The reality of hypnotic analgesia a comparison of highly hypnotizables with simulators. The authors find...

Trance descriptive or misleading

Most of the classical notions of hypnosis have long held that hypnosis was special in some way from other types of interpersonal communication and that an induction preparatory process considered by some to be neccessary in he production of hypnotic phenomena would lead to a state in which the ubject's awareness and behavioral responding was some how altered from he usual. The name historically most commonly associated with this altered state of unctioning is 'trance,' a term shared by the...