Egyptian Magic Bowels

UK.1E.IN 1 AJLi UAUlt

Magicians, among the Finns, concentrated their invocations round the spirit of all life: Wainamoinen. It was he who taught magic to me; he who was the foundation of all life, lord of the waters: spirit of fire. In these respects he was almost certainly identical with the Accadian Hea, Lord of Life. Like Thoth of the Egyptians, he not only created magic but gave the knowledge of the Words of Power to men. He is thought to have been similar in conception to the Egyptian Ra—and he shares with Ra even the relatively minor function of distributing power and beneficence through the sweat from his body.

The powers which the Scandinavian magicians acquired by this dedication to the Earth Spirit are not unlike the traditional thauma-turgy of sorcerers everywhere (38):

"Lemminkainen went into the house which was full of people who talked among themselves. Some, wearing long robes, sat upon the seats, singers outside, reciters below the portals, with musical instruments all around the walls. Sorcerers sat near the hearth, at the place of honour. Then he began to weave spells. As soon as he started to sing, even the best singers found that they could utter only discordant notes. Even their hands were as if held in gloves of stone, on their heads was stone, their necks were bound with collars of stone ... the men were flung into a sledge pulled by a strange-coloured cat . . . which carried them off into the World of Evil Spirits . . . and when he again recited, they threw themselves into Lapland's Gulf, the waters which are the drink of the thirsting sorcerers. . . . And then he sang yet again: and the people were tossed into the turbulent gulf, which devours. . . . Then Lemminkainen showed that he thought that the middle-aged and the young were fools, by means of his magical rites "

The comparison of the magical and religious rituals of other nations has brought to light quite a number of correspondences between the secret powers formerly believed to have been unique to, or at least invented by, one or the other community. In the Accadian-Assyrian myth and legend, as well as in their spells and incantations, references to the histories and powers of the gods have enabled commentators to compile a partial list showing their relationship with one another. These facts have produced some interesting conclusions.

The trinity formed by the Sky, Earth and Underworld are seen to have been fundamental in the Finnish and Chaldean systems as the elements to be propitiated and cultivated as sources of power. Samas (the Sun, and in some ways an aspect of the Earth) was connected with the Egyptian Ra. Even more interesting is the connection, in the Semitic and other systems, of the Accadian god Mulge. This spirit, very widely appealed to for magical purposes, is both the heart of Accadian sorcery and a central figure in several systems of the supernatural. As Bel, it was known as Baal in the Bible—and as Set in Egypt. To the Semitic Babylonians, Mulge was Belit, Lord (sometimes as the female Lady) (39) of the Underworld: the Finnish llmarinen. This was the ancient Semite god of love and war, the Phoenician Black Stone, the Al-Lat of Arabia, who married her own son, Saturn. She was worshipped and invoked as Ishtar, sometimes called the demon Astaroth, beloved of the sorcerers. Called by the Greeks Aphrodite, this god of many aliases was also known as Tiskhu or Tammuz: "Destroyer of Enemies, Attainer of Desires"—Venus to the Romans, who carried her cult as far as Britain, the bride of Adonis, the ancient god Duzi, and sister of none other than the Accadian Nanki-Gal, "Lady of Hades". Here we are at the very root of the demon-spirit-god system whence springs so much of oriental—and Western—magic as we know it today. For her titles 'Destroyer . . . Attainer' are a perfect summary of the desires of magicians.

In addition to the gods, Babylonian magic took cognizance of a vast array of spirits, generally connected with the invisible world, and linking that world with mankind. That the gods and demons were closely allied is shown, for example, by the fact that the daughter of the Accadian Anu (God of the Sky) had a demon-daughter, Labartu, the Enemy of Children. All these elements, gods, spirits and planets, were linked in a system which gave birth to astrology, and probably to the Jewish Cabbala, the science of numerological philosophy which affected many other systems, including the Gnostics: all of which profoundly influenced Western magic.

The genii or spirits included the following, who have Semitic and other parallels: the Alu, destroyers, whose province was the chest of man; the Ekim, who worked in the bowels, and who had a Secret Number (so far undeciphered) of forty-sixtieths; the Telal, or warriors, who were connected in some way with the hand, and whose mystical number is still unknown (40); the Maskim, 'Layers of Ambushes', with the fraction of fifty-sixtieths; the Utuq, formerly evil demons in general. In addition to this there were the Ardat, or nightmares; the Succubus (Lilith, Elit), the Uruku, hobgoblins, giants, known as lamma. The latter were similar in some ways, it seems, to the

34 UKlli.NTA.Li MAL.lt, good and bad genii of the Arabs. Many forms of genii were good or evil, according to how they were used. This form of thinking seems to continue from here into Western magic, with processes for the evocation of spirits, 'which will do whatever you wish'. The spectres, phantoms and vampires belong to the class of Labartu, daughter of the god Anu, the Sky.

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